Added: Francois Fulgham - Date: 19.02.2022 13:46 - Views: 49891 - Clicks: 4616
Italian researchers who set out to test whether female and male fetuses respond differently when their mothers eat chocolate found that female fetuses react much more strongly than males to chocolate. Andrea Tranquilli, of the University of Politecnica Marche in Ancona, Italy, says chocolate cravings are known to be more common in women.
Less clear is whether those cravings are inborn or culturally acquired, he and his co-authors write in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. For example, studies have found that sex differences in chocolate cravings among women and men in Spain are less pronounced than they are in the United States. The new study involved pregnant women who were close to delivery. None of the women had consumed any chocolate during at least the 90 days. Both male and female fetuses responded to the chocolate.
But the sweet treat seemed to stimulate the female fetuses more.
They showed a greater increase in fetal movements and more episodic accelerations in their heart rate. Women tend to crave chocolate around the time of their menstrual periods, suggesting hormones play a role. Tranquilli has several hypotheses, including greater sensitivity of the female fetal brain and earlier maturation of the central nervous system.
Receptors in the female brain might also respond differently to flavanols and other compounds in chocolate, he said. Studies have suggested that the antioxidants in chocolate can mop up DNA-damaging free radicals, and that the effect seems to be even greater in women, the authors write. Earlier studies by his team found female and male fetuses react differently to different concentrations of cocoa.
The higher the cocoa count, the more they react. Chocolate with lower concentrations of cocoa contains a higher proportion of cocoa butter, which is higher in fat and calories. Anne Stubbe, of Stubbe Chocolates in Ottawa the chocolatiers also have a location in Torontosays the shop has a large and loyal female following. Women tend toward dark chocolate, she said. Stubbe says there are even differences in the way women and men eat their individually wrapped truffles. A survey by a British cancer charity found that one in five women said she would give up sex before chocolate.
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Eat Chocolate for Better Sex